Causes of periodontal diseases
Poor Dental Hygiene– Individuals who fail to floss as is required and brush at least twice a day can face many oral health issues such as bad breath, dental plaque, periodontitis and periodontal pocket.
A Periodontal Pocket– This develops due to bacteria which multiply to form plaque which eventually spreads below the gum line, infecting the pocket and the surrounding tissue. This problem requires gum reshaping surgery which will help to restore dental health.
Signs and Symptoms of Periodontitis
Gum Surgery Procedures Offered at Dr. Kathuria’s Dentistry
Gingival Flap Surgery
Also referred to as pocket reduction, flap surgery is the procedure of removing the tartar and lifting back the gums. This surgery involves creating an incision to access the deep periodontal pockets if they are more than 5 mm in depth. The gum tissue is separated from the teeth, and the depth is cleaned with an ultrasonic scaling device. A specialised device is also used to remove the tartar deposits, after which the gums are stitched back to fit around the teeth.
This surgery is also known as a replacement procedure. Those who have a damaged tooth and require a new bone graft need to undertake this surgery. In this procedure, the bone graft, which is a fragment of the patient’s own bone, a synthetic bone or a donated one, is used to replace bone destroyed by gum disease. The surgery provides support to the damaged tooth and aids it to grow like any other teeth.
Guided Tissue Regeneration
Guided tissue regeneration involves inserting a tiny piece of mesh-like material in the middle of gum tissue and the bone. The presence of this mesh-like material stimulates the growth of bone and gum tissue. The main aim of performing this surgery is to enable the healthy growth of the bones and the connective tissues.
It is a surgical procedure that involves the use of soft tissue grafts to treat gum line recession. In this surgery, tissue is removed from one part of the body (mostly the roof of the mouth) and attached to the damaged gum portion.
Tissue grafting is performed in two techniques-
Common FAQs related to Gum Surgery
Do I need gum surgery?
If you have been experiencing oral health problems such as inflammation of the gum line, which is leading to bad breath, swelling, bleeding, or any other oral health issues, it’s advisable to get gum surgery done.
Do you offer flap surgery?
At Dr. Kathuria’s Dentistry, we offer all types of gum surgeries- gingival flap surgery, bone grafting, guided tissue regeneration and tissue grafting.
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